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No "Separation of Church and State"
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Here's what it says:
Many disagree with Calvin's Predestination, but few can question his immense abilities as a scholar. He did his doctoral thesis on Seneca and was well-versed in the Classical authors as well as the Church Fathers. In his Institutes of the Christian Religion, he discusses the question of whether the civil magistrate should enforce the first five of the Ten Commandments (dealing with religion and worship), or only the second five (theft, murder, etc.). (A simplistic understanding of the Commandments, as no magistrate has yet attempted to criminalize covetousness. [But see FDR's State of the Union Address, Jan 7, 1943].) Those who favor a "separation of church and state" tend to hold that the State should not enforce the "first table" of the law, but only the last five of the Ten Commandments. Calvin argues:
*J.T. McNeill comments here: "Calvin has in mind not Machiavelli but Cicero, as in Laws II.ii.7-9 (LCL ed., pp. 388-415)."
It would be difficult to name a single post-Constantinian leader in Western Civilization, not otherwise known for his notorious corruption, who did not claim to be a Christian. And by claiming to be a Christian, they all agreed with Calvin against the separation of religion and State.
The Founding Fathers were also well-versed in Classical authorities. And to a man they all agreed that heaven would not smile on a nation that disregarded true religion. Both before and after the Constitution was ratified, our nation publicly integrated religion and politics. Scholars have come to call this integration "civil religion." It does not matter that the "true religion" of Jefferson and Madison were not identical in content to the "true religion" of Roger Sherman and John Witherspoon. They all agreed that religion was the foundation of government. And this completely refutes the modern notion of "separation of church and state."
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