Chapter XIX REASON,  NEUTRALITY,  AND  THE  FREE  MARKET [Due to the kind intervention of M. Stanton Evans, editor  of the Indianapolis News, Z was invited to appear on a panel at the annual convention  of The Philadelphia Society in 1970. The panel was  built around the topic of the debate between traditional conservatism and  anarcho-capitalism, with me tak- ing the  conservative  position,  Milton  Friedmanís  son  David taking  the  anarcho-capitalist  position,  and  Evans  acting  as a sort of  fusionist. As you might suspect, I won the debate; you can ask anyone who was present (except, perhaps, Milton Friedman, the  anarcho-capitalists, and the supporters  of Stan Evans,  none  of  whom  can  really  be  considered  objective). The only thing that still  bafles me is the letter I received from an anarchist who said he thinks it is the best thing of mine he has  ever  read.  This  annotated  version  of  the  talk  appeared in the conservative journal,  Modern Age  (Spring, 1971  j, and it  was  reprinted  in  an  odd,  but  delightful,  little  journal, Schism: A Journal of Divergent American Opinions  (Sum- mer,   1971).] The  debate  between  traditionalists  and  libertarians  within  the American Right has been going on for the last decade. This division, which  was implicit from the beginnings of Young Americans for Freedom (YAF)  and Intercollegiate Studies Institute (1S1), has now broken out into open institutional warfare with the formation of the Libertarian  Alliance  during  the  summer  of  1969.  Like  so  much  of the  current  intellectual  strife  in  America,  the  Vietnam  war  issue served as a catalyst. Pacifist libertarians who are opposed to con- scription could no longer tolerate the implications of what they regard as the new American imperialism. Cold War conservatives who long ago abandoned the earlier isolationist heritage of traditional American conservatism have not been willing to sacrifice the struggle against international   Communism   ,merely for the sake of lower national budgets and libertarian ideology. An anti-Communism that is based on the concept of military superiority cannot easily be conformed to the older goal of a limited State; the technology of warfare demands too much money and too much centralized planning. 225