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The Preface to
The Ten Commandments

From The Larger Catechism (1648)

Q. 101. What is the preface to the ten commandments?

A. The preface to the ten commandments is contained in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.[d] [d]. Exod. 20:2
Wherein God manifesteth His sovereignty, as being JEHOVAH, the eternal, immutable, and almighty God;[e] [e]. Isaiah 44:6 "Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: 'I am the First and I am the Last; Besides Me there is no God.
having His being in and of Himself,[f] [f]. Exodus 3:14 And God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM." And He said, "Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.'"
and giving being to all His words[g] [g]. Exodus 6:3 "I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name LORD I was not known to them.
and works:[h] [h]. Acts 17:24,28   "God, who made the world and everything in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands. {28} "for in Him we live and move and have our being, as also some of your own poets have said, 'For we are also His offspring.'
and that He is a God in covenant, as with Israel of old, so with all His people;[i] [i]. Gen. 17:7; Rom. 3:29

Genesis 17:7 "And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you.

Romans 3:29 Or is He the God of the Jews only? Is He not also the God of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also,

who, as He brought them out of their bondage in Egypt, so He delivereth us from our spiritual thraldom;[k] [k]. Luke 1:74-75 To grant us that we, Being delivered from the hand of our enemies, Might serve Him without fear, {75} In holiness and righteousness before Him all the days of our life.
and that therefore we are bound to take Him for our God alone, and to keep all His commandments.[l] [l]. 1 Pet. 1:15, 17-18; Lev. 18:30; Lev. 19:37

1 Peter 1:15 but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, {17} And if you call on the Father, who without partiality judges according to each one's work, conduct yourselves throughout the time of your stay here in fear; {18} knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers,

Leviticus 18:30 'Therefore you shall keep My ordinance, so that you do not commit any of these abominable customs which were committed before you, and that you do not defile yourselves by them: I am the LORD your God.'"

Leviticus 19:37 'Therefore you shall observe all My statutes and all My judgments, and perform them: I am the LORD.'"

Q. 102. What is the sum of the four commandments which contain our duty to God?

A. The sum of the four commandments containing our duty to God is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our strength, and with all our mind.[m] [m]. Luke 10:27 So he answered and said, " 'You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind,' and 'your neighbor as yourself.'"

Q. 122. What is the sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man?

A. The sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man, is, to love our neighbour as ourselves,[y] [y]. Matthew 22:39 "And the second is like it: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'
and to do to others what we would have them to do to us.[z] [z]. Matthew 7:12 "Therefore, whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.

Rushdoony's Institutes of Biblical Law

  1. The Validity of Biblical Law
  2. The Law as Revelation and Treaty
  3. The Direction of the Law

The Ten Commandments Home Page

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