Vine & Fig Tree
In the 1962 U.S. Supreme Court case of Engel v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421, Justice Douglas, who concurred in the decision to remove voluntary prayer from government schools, admitted:
Douglas favors the removal of voluntary prayer from public schools. But Douglas wrote a concurring opinion because his thoughts were not expressed in the majority opinion of the Engel Court. He is being honest in his concurring opinion, because the plain history of the Establishment Clause indicates a desire to avoid legally preferred churches, that is, denominations. But it is utterly unlikely that the same men who wrote the First Amendment would write Article III of the Northwest Ordinance if they really intended to avoid all endorsement of religion. The Northwest Ordinance plainly declares that religion and morality are "necessary for good government and the happiness of mankind." That makes those who do not believe in religion feel like "outsiders," and this plainly violates the Everson and Allegheny definitions of "separation of church and state."
Justice Douglas made this candid admission:
Engel v. Vitaleat 442 and note 7, emphasis added
It's refreshing when liberals are honest -- if only for a moment.
Douglas then went on to join the Court in overthrowing the historic meaning of the Constitution and the Original Intent of its Framers. But his admissions show that the Court is engaged in "judicial activism" rather than a strict construction of the Constitution.
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